IN FOCUS: Easing Port Congestion and Other Transport and Logistics Issues



In February 2014, the City Government of Manila imposed a cargo truck ban at certain hours of the day in order to free Manila streets from the traffic congestion brought about by huge trucks and container vans moving to and from the Port of Manila every day. At first, this seemed to be a workable solution to the perennial traffic congestion faced by Manila residents and commuters. However, the unintended consequence of this seemingly rational local ordinance soon led to complaints and a clamor of other stakeholders for a better approach to city traffic management. The truck ban led to even more congestion in the city streets and the port area, as truck drivers intending to enter the city formed long queues while waiting for their designated window of time to ply the city streets. With reduced hours to use public roads, delivery of goods got delayed. Containers also accumulated at the port, slowing down the logistics chain and increasing trucking and port costs. This situation provided the springboard for a system-wide study of the logistics industry in the Greater Capital Region. The study looks at the bigger picture—the need to (1) understand the other important issues, not just the cargo truck ban, that affect transport and logistics, and (2) to formulate appropriate policy responses.
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Highlights

PIDS named one of the world`s best think tanks anew

For the fourth consecutive year, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has been recognized as among the world`s top think tanks.

In the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Report and Policy Advice of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania, PIDS was included in the list of best think tanks in seven categories. More than 6,600 think tanks from 198 countries were assessed in this round.

PIDS remained the top social policy think tank in Southeast Asia and was ranked 37th among the top 100 in the world. Other think tanks from Southeast Asia that made it to this category (social policy) were Singapore`s Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (41st) and Institute for Policy Studies (53rd) and Malaysia`s Center for Public Policy Studies (66th). In 2014, PIDS also ranked 37th among 50 nominated think tanks in this category.

PIDS also maintained its rankings as among the top international development think tanks (70th out of 128) and among the top education policy think tanks (33rd out of 65).

Moreover, the Institute has been included in four new categories: best think tanks in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, best government-affiliated think tanks, and think tanks with the best external relations/public engagement program. The East Asian Development Network (EADN) Secretariat, which PIDS has been running since 2010, also made it to the list of best think tank networks. The EADN is a network of institutes and centers in developing countries of East Asia. It sponsors research and capacity-building activities for early career researchers.

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Featured Publications

NONGOVERNMENT REFORESTATION IN THE PHILIPPINES: WAYS FORWARD

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This study reviews and assesses nongovernment reforestation in the Philippines vis--vis government and total reforestation using primary and secondary data. The objective is to identify issues and problems related to nongovernment reforestation and recommend actions that can be undertaken to address them. This study finds that government reforestation dominates total reforestation, while nongovernment reforestation only has a relatively small contribution in recent years. It asserts that private reforestation has been the main driver of nongovernment reforestation at present. However, its full development as an industry has been hindered by ... || Read more >>


HOW DO PRIVATE SCHOOLS FARE IN THE PROVISION OF HEALTH-CARE SERVICES TO STUDENTS?

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This Policy Note analyzes the current state of student health services provision in Philippine private schools and reviews the policy context surrounding them. Among its major findings is that the memorandum orders released by the Commission on Higher Education and Department of Education regarding student health services do not prescribe specific numbers of personnel and clinic size for schools to be permitted to operate. It then becomes the decision of each individual school how much to provide. However, it finds that this lack of detail does not seem to have ... || Read more >>


MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS: DO THEY HINDER COMPETITION?

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This Economic Issue of the Day discusses the basic concepts of mergers and acquisitions as well as their advantages and disadvantages to the economy, in general. While mergers do not necessarily harm market competition, this paper calls for firms to abide by fair competition laws and regulations, particularly the new Philippine Competition Act, which provides the guidelines on competition-related activities. It likewise argues that these business activities can be good or bad depending on the extent to which they are likely to create substantial changes in the market structure and ... || Read more >>


HOW BUDGETING PRACTICES ON HEALTH-CARE EQUIPMENT MAY FAIL GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS

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This Policy Note analyzes the government hospitals capital outlay, specifically, the budget for equipment used directly in health-care service delivery. It finds that government hospitals do not have maintenance programs specific to their assets, especially heavy equipment. It recommends the conversion of the Health Facilities Enhancement Program into a long-term capital investment fund, which will require the submission of long-term capital investment plans with corresponding maintenance programs. It also calls for the formulation of proper guidelines and protocols for budgeting and maintenance of capital assets and the vigorous implementation of ... || Read more >>


TAKING STOCK OF THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM SIX YEARS HENCE

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Instituted under the Aquino administration in 2011, the National Greening Program (NGP) targets poverty reduction, promotion of food security, and biodiversity conservation in the Philippines. Despite its successes, various problems have been identified during the NGP's six-year implementation, particularly the poor program monitoring and low survival rates of seedlings. This Policy Note provides an overview of the results of the analyses done by different involved institutions and lays down policy recommendations that have special significance given the governments decision to extend the program until 2028. It likewise raises the need for ... || Read more >>


PPP OPTIONS FOR UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE IN THE PHILIPPINES

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Due to various issues, such as lack of resources and administrative roadblocks, the Philippine government has turned to public-private partnerships (PPPs) to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) in the country, where a wide spectrum of people is able to obtain the needed health services without having to suffer financial hardships. This Policy Note presents the different PPP options for financing and delivering health-care services. Among its major recommendations is the crafting of a comprehensive health plan that clarifies the role of PPPs in the health system and in attaining UHC. ... || Read more >>


EASING PORT CONGESTION AND OTHER TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS ISSUES

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In February 2014, the City of Manila imposed a cargo truck ban at certain hours of the day to free Manila streets from the traffic congestion brought about by huge trucks and container vans moving to and from the Port of Manila every day. At first, this seemed to be a workable solution to the perennial traffic congestion faced by Manila residents and commuters. However, the unintended consequence of this seemingly rational local ordinance led to complaints and clamor of other stakeholders for a better approach to city traffic management. The ... || Read more >>


BUILDING RESILIENCE—KEY TO ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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The third issue of DRN in 2016 drives home several insights gathered from the celebration of the 14th Development Policy Research Month (DPRM) this September. The DPRM celebration, which centered on building resilient communities, is aimed at educating policymakers and the public on the complex risk landscape confronting the Philippines. It also underscores the role of appropriate policy interventions in building the country's resilience to various economic, environmental, technological, political, and societal risks and stresses. Ergo, this DRN issue (1) deepens the discussion on resilience building in the agriculture, health, macroeconomic, and ... || Read more >>


RISKS, SHOCKS, BUILDING RESILIENCE: PHILIPPINES

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Building economic resilience takes center stage on this prepress version of the sixth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM). Due to overlapping shocks and risks of varied nature, there is a need to look beyond natural hazards and to acknowledge that the sources of risks are many and interconnected. Evidence points to the critical role of good policies in bolstering coping ability and in building resilient systems. In this line, this EPM presents a framework (Chapter 3) that underscores the significance of appropriate interventions by way of policies, programs, ... || Read more >>


PHILIPPINE JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL VOLUME ON HEALTH

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The Aquino Health Agenda of 2010 articulates succinctly the Philippine health sector's aim for universal health coverage. The agenda has three thrusts: rapid expansion of enrollment and benefit delivery using subsidies for the poorest families, improved access to quality hospitals and health-care facilities, and attainment of health-related Millennium Development Goals through additional effort and resources targeted to the most critical areas in the country. Years after the launch of the agenda, the Department of Health collaborated with key institutions to implement the Health Systems Research Management (HSRM) Project, with the Philippine ... || Read more >>



Press Releases

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PIDS STUDY CALLS FOR GREATER TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN SPENDING MVUC FUND

To improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the collection and disbursement of the Motor Vehicle Users Charge (MVUC) fund, a study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) is calling for greater transparency and accountability among government agencies involved in the program. The call was in response to allegations of misuse and politicized allocation of the MVUC fund. For example, a 2009 World Bank study noted that high share of MVUC funds were used to fund employment-generating roadside maintenance programs such as sweeping, beautification, and planting. The ... || Read more >>


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GIVING CROP INSURANCE TO POOR FARMERS HELPS REDUCE POVERTY--PIDS STUDY

Crop insurance can be an effective safety net that can significantly reduce poverty among agricultural households. This is according to a study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). In a forum held recently at the House of Representatives in Quezon City, PIDS Senior Research Fellow Celia Reyes noted that around half of the households who are engaged in agriculture can be considered as sometimes poor. According to Reyes, these are farmers who usually become poor when they are unable to recover from losses in their farm ... || Read more >>


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PIDS CALLS FOR REFINEMENT IN DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SCHOLARSHIP GRANTS FOR CHILDREN OF PANTAWID BENEFICIARIES

State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has outlined several recommendations to improve the design and implementation of the college scholarship grants for the children of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) beneficiaries. In a forum organized by PIDS and the Congressional Planning and Budget Research Department (CPBRD) of the House of Representatives, PIDS Senior Research Fellow Aniceto Orbeta presented the findings of a PIDS study that evaluated the operational issues and impacts of the Students Grants-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation (SGP-PA). The SGP-PA, which was introduced in 2012, has ... || Read more >>


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EXPERT PROPOSES ALTERNATIVE WAY TO TRACK ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE

The health of business activities in the country could be used as an indicator in assessing the country's economic performance. In his lecture at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Dr. Nick Fontanilla, president of i-Metrics Asia-Pacific Corporation, proposed the use of the Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) as a leading economic and business indicator as well as a narrowcasting tool. The PMI reflects purchasing managers' acquisition of goods and services each month as compared to the previous month. It is based on a survey conducted monthly among a random sample ... || Read more >>


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UNLOCK MSME POTENTIAL THROUGH GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS, SAY PIDS, WB

The role of global value chains (GVCs) as channels for the growth of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) was emphasized at a policy forum hosted recently by the World Bank (WB)-Philippine office and state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). "Three quarters of world trade is in intermediate goods and services," explained WB Senior Economist Olivier Cattaneo. "It's much harder [for MSMEs] to export directly than indirectly." For the Philippines, GVC participation presents an opportunity for its leaders to improve the quality of jobs in the ... || Read more >>



EVENTS CALENDAR


January 16, 2017 09:00 AM
Assessment and Coordination Meeting on Federalism Initiative Project

PIDS Conference Room, 18/F Three Cyberpod Centris-North Tower, EDSA, Quezon City


December 08, 2016 01:00 PM
PIDS-CPBRD Forum on Results of the Assessment of the Utilization and Impacts of the Motor Vehicle User`s Charge (MVUC) in the Philippines

Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City


December 06, 2016 01:00 PM
PIDS-CPBRD Forum on the Evaluation of PCIC's Agricultural Insurance Programs

Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City


November 23, 2016 01:30 PM
PIDS-CPBRD Forum on the Review and Assessment of the Students Grants-in-Aid Program for Poverty Alleviation

Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City


November 16, 2016 01:30 PM
PIDS-CPBRD Forum on the "Assessment of the Community Mortgage Program Implementation Process"

Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City




Watch Dr. Gilbert Llanto’s guesting on NET 25’s Aprub Program


DATABASE UPDATES


December 2016
The peso further weakens against the US dollar as shown by the increasing exchange rate from 48.35 in October to 49.16 in November.

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October 2016
The countrys year-on-year headline inflation rate went up to 2.3 percent in September, from 1.8 percent in August.

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August 2016
The GDP grew by 6.9 percent in the first quarter of 2016, the highest since the second quarter of 2013

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