In Focus Archived (May 2016)

The road to inclusive growth can start with education. Human resource is the backbone of the economy, and a well-trained, highly competitive workforce is key to increased productivity and national competitiveness. Education can promote inclusive growth but can also be a purveyor of inequity if left unguided.

Research by PIDS is helping inform policy. For instance, PIDS has found that the government's conditional cash transfer program"the Department of Social Welfare and Development's (DSWD) Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino or 4Ps"has been successful in improving school attendance among poor households. Relatedly, a study jointly conducted by PIDS and the United Nations Children's Fund shows that the incidence of out-of-school children has been declining dramatically since 2008. Authors Jose Ramon Albert of PIDS and Clarissa David of the University of the Philippines-Diliman attribute this to the 4Ps, the passage and implementation of the mandatory kindergarten and the K to 12 law, and the increasing budget of the Department of Education.