Publications

RPS 2010-01Reforming Social Protection Policy: Responding to the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond
Manasan, Rosario G.

This study reviews and evaluates the major contributory and noncontributory social protection programs that are currently in place as part of the government`s portfolio of social protection interventions, including social insurance (SSS, GSIS, PhilHealth); social welfare programs (e.g., Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program or 4Ps, Food-for-School Program [FSP], NFA rice price subsidy, SEA-K); social safety nets (e.g., Pantawid Kuryente); and active labor market programs (e.g., PGMA scholarships, job search assistance, job creation). The evaluation focuses on four aspects: program coverage, size of the benefits/transfers, cost effectiveness/efficiency, and financial sustainability. The major findings of the study include: (1) the bulk of national government spending on social safety nets went to the NFA rice price subsidy, a program that has been proven to be the least effective in reaching the poor; (2) the objectives and intended beneficiaries of a number of programs (e.g., FSP, school feeding programs, and 4Ps) overlap, suggesting the need to consolidate some of them; (3) the 4Ps appears to be superior than the FSP and supplemental feeding programs in addressing needs of the chronic poor and is worth expanding and implementing on a sustained basis given large numbers of chronic poor households; (4) the social security system, the social health insurance scheme, and many of the noncontributory social protection programs provide poor coverage of informal sector which includes the transient poor and the near poor; (5) hastily designed programs launched in response to crisis situations like the Tulong para kay Lolo at Lola and the Pantawid Kuryente are usually not very effective in reaching the poor and the vulnerable; (6) public workfare program appears to be the most appropriate intervention to address needs of the informal sector when there is an economy-wide crisis; (7) expanding the coverage of the Sponsored Program of PhilHealth and improving the selection of beneficiaries are critical in providing the poor financial protection from illness and in making the public health system sustainable; (8) there is a need to sustain the structural reforms at SSS and GSIS, including parametric reforms, benefit package and payment systems designs, and corporate governance improvement, that have already been started in order to strengthen the financial sustainability of these institutions and to reduce the contingent liabilities that the national government will face in the future, (9) establishment of a centrally managed targeting system anchored on a proxy means test will be cost effective if used in the major target programs; and (10) although national government spending on social protection has increased in response to the global financial crisis, spending on social welfare programs, social safety nets, and active labor market programs compares unfavorably with that of other countries.

keywords:targeting, Philippines, social safety nets, leakage rate, active labor market programs, social welfare programs
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RPS # Title
RPS 2016-02Does Innovation Mediate Good Firm Performance?
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RPS 2015-03Assessment of the DSWD SEA-K Strategy
RPS 2015-02Review and Assessment of Programs Offered by State Universities and Colleges
RPS 2015-01Promoting Inclusive Growth through the 4Ps
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RPS 2013-02The ASEAN Economic Community and the Philippines: Implementation, Outcomes, Impacts, and Ways Forward
RPS 2013-01An Assessment of TESDA Scholarship Programs
RPS 2011-01Rice that Filipinos Grow and Eat
RPS 2010-01Reforming Social Protection Policy: Responding to the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond
RPS 2008-03Rice in the Filipino Diet and Culture
RPS 2008-02Rice Production Practices
RPS 2008-01Rice and Philippine Politics
RPS 2007-04Competition Policy and Regulation in Ports and Shipping
RPS 2007-03FDI Investment Incentive System and FDI Inflows: the Philippine Experience
RPS 2007-02An Initial Verdict on Our Fight Against Poverty
RPS 2007-01The Impact of ASEAN-China FTA Early Harvest Program: the Case of the Philippines with Focus on Short-run Effects on the Agriculture Sector
RPS 2006-03The Philippine Hybrid Rice Program: A Case for Redesign and Scaling Down
RPS 2006-02Innovations in Microfinance in Southeast Asia
RPS 2006-01Rural Finance and Microfinance Development in Transition Countries in Southeast and East Asia
RPS 2005-01Experience of Crisis-Hit Asian Countries: Do Asset Management Companies Increase Moral Hazard?
RPS 2003-04The Philippine Innovation System: Structure and Characteristics
RPS 2003-03College Fee Structure and Philippine Inflation
RPS 2003-02Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure
RPS 2003-01Exchange Rate Policy in Philippine Development
RPS 2002-09Benefits (and Losses) from Rent Control in the Philippines: An Empirical Study of Metro Manila
RPS 2002-06Governance in Southeast Asia: Issues and Options
RPS 2002-05The Philippine Payment System: Efficiency and Implications for the Conduct of Monetary Policy
RPS 2002-04Technological Innovations in Japan and S and T Experiences in the Philippines: Drawing Policy Lessons for the Philippines
RPS 2002-03Trade Reforms, Income Distribution and Welfare: The Philippine Case
RPS 2002-02Mercury Pollution Due to Small-Scale Gold Mining in the Philippines: An Economic Analysis
RPS 2002-01The Dynamics of Housing Demand in the Philippines: Income and Lifecycle Effects
RPS 2001-02A Review of the Components of the Medium-Term National Action Agenda for Productivity (MNAAP) 2000-2004
RPS 2001-01An Inquiry into the Competitiveness of Emerging Philippine Cities
RPS 1998-02Philippine Households' Response to Price and Income Changes
RPS 1998-01Credit Unions as Channels of Micro-Credit Lines: The Philippine Case
RPS 1994-11Trade Policy Reforms in the 1990s: Effects of EO 470 and the Import Liberalization Program
RPS 1994-10Foreign Direct Investment in the Philippines: A Reassessment
RPS 1994-09Meat and Dairy Processing Industry: Impact of Trade Policy Reforms on Performance, Competitiveness and Structure
RPS 1994-08A Review of the Remaining Import Restrictions
RPS 1994-07Shipbuilding/Repair and Boatbuilding Industry
RPS 1994-06Textile and Garment Industries
RPS 1994-05Appliance Industry
RPS 1994-04Agricultural Machinery Industry
RPS 1994-03Synthetic Resin and Plastic Industries
RPS 1994-02Motorcycle and Parts Industry
RPS 1994-01 Packaging Industry: Impact of Trade Policy Reforms on Performance, Competitiveness and Structure
		
		
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