Events Calendar Archived (December 2016)

Date: December 06, 2016
Time: 01:00 PM
Venue: Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City

Presenter: Dr. Celia M. Reyes, PIDS Senior Research Fellow

Climate change is a growing environmental risk facing the world today. Since majority of the highly vulnerable poor households are in the agriculture sector, agricultural insurance can be an effective safety net that could help these households withstand the effects of shocks and natural disasters brought about by climate change and its impact on agriculture. In the country, the Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation is the government organization offering agricultural insurance (rice, corn, high-value crops, livestock, noncrop agricultural asset, fishery, credit, and life insurance) to agricultural producers of the country. To assess program delivery, a process evaluation on the design and implementation of the program was done, using the results of the focus group discussions with various PCIC clients and partners in selected regions of the country, together with key informant interviews, desktop reviews, and secondary data analysis. To evaluate the impact of agricultural insurance to farmers, a combination of matched Difference-in-Difference (DID) and Instrumental Variable (IV) Regression is used to estimate the impact on farmers well-being (i.e., net income), investment in productive farm activities and access to agricultural credit, using data from a survey of 2,500 rice, corn, coconut, and banana farmers in five regions of the country.

Date: December 08, 2016
Time: 01:00 PM
Venue: Office of the Speaker Social Hall, House of Representatives, Quezon City

Presenter: Dr. Sheila Napalang, PIDS Consultant

Road funds coming from the Motor Vehicle User's Charge (MVUC) are funds reserved for specific programs or projects. The MVUC is collected by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) from motor vehicle owners. It is imposed through the registration fees of vehicles and payment of penalties for overloading. The collections are remitted to the Bureau of Treasury (BTr) under four special types of fund. Key findings from this study indicate the mismatch between the records of the LTO and the BTr on the MVUC monies. Moreso, two special funds--the Special Local Road Fund and the Special Vehicle Pollution Control Fund--are seriously underutilized. This Policy Note recommends to make the recording of MVUC deposits transparent and efficient through automation, regular reconciliation of LTO and BTr records, and random audits. Establishing an impact evaluation system for all projects funded by the MVUC is also suggested.