Duration:
Jan 03, 2022 to Dec 29, 2022
Funding Agency:
Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Focus Area(s):
Regional, Urban, and Rural Development

Internal migration is a type of migration that refers to “a relatively permanent change in usual place of residence” between migration-defining boundaries but within national borders (White and Lindstrom 2005, p. 326). The relationship between infrastructure and internal migration has been described to be infrastructure-induced migration and migration-induced infrastructure congestion. An example of the former is a study by De Haas (2020), which explains that when infrastructure becomes more developed in a particular area, people become more capable of migrating there. The development of infrastructure also brings in economic opportunities such as businesses and jobs in an area, which provide more reasons for people to migrate within national borders. At the same time, migration induces greater demand for infrastructure, especially in urban areas. As infrastructure buildup has been a key program in public investments in more than a decade, with the current administration featuring the national spatial strategy of spreading the investment more widely in Philippine administrative regions, and given the recent interest in explaining what drives internal migration in the Philippines, as evidenced by the first ever National Migration Survey in 2018, it is important to study the relationship between sub-national infrastructure development and internal migration. Policy responses to problems caused by high volumes of migration to cities, especially when existing infrastructure cannot cope up with shifts in demand and this results in congestion in infrastructure use, need to be identified. The role of sub-national infrastructure development in enhancing the attractiveness to migrants of areas outside the National Capital Region (NCR) also need to be explored.

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