Date Published:
Jan 20, 2022
Focus Area(s):
PJD 2022 Vol. 46 No. 1d

Recognizing the need to analyze the education-skills gap in the developing economy context, this paper estimates the extent of education-employment mismatches and the resulting wage consequences in the Philippine labor market. It finds that 39 percent of employed individuals are overeducated while over a quarter are undereducated. Meanwhile, overeducated individuals earn only 5 percent more for a surplus year of schooling, relative to required years of schooling, which have returns of 7 percent to 19 percent. It underlines the importance of labor market policies for improved job-skills matching, for instance, through the reduction of information asymmetries. Public subsidies for higher education must also be premised on improved wage prospects or higher productivity for employed individuals.


This publication has been cited 14 times

In the Media
  1. DailyGuardian. 2022. 40% of Filipinos are overqualified for their jobs. DailyGuardian.
  2. Dela Cruz, Eunice. 2023. Marcos welcomes public-private collab to create more jobs. Philippine Information Agency.
  3. Eireene Jairee Gomez . 2022. 40% of Filipinos overqualified for job. Manila Times.
  4. Geducos, Argyll Cyrus. 2023. PBBM boosts public-private tieup for jobs. Manila Bulletin.
  5. Gita-Carlos, Ruth Abbey. 2023. PBBM backs proposed body to solve jobs, skills mismatch problems. Philippine News Agency.
  6. Ibañez, Jenina. 2022. Nearly 40% of PHL workers ‘overeducated,’ study finds. BusinessWorld.
  7. Maharlika TV . 2022. UniTeam to address education-job mismatch among Pinoy workers. Maharlika TV.
  8. Noriega, Richa. 2023. Marcos welcomes proposal to create body to address jobs mismatch. GMA News.
  9. Pacpaco, Ryan Ponce. 2022. UniTeam pararamihin dekalidad na trabaho para sa mga Pinoy. Journal Online.
  10. Pedrajas, Joseph. 2022. Bongbong, UniTeam to address education-job mismatch among Pinoys. Manila Bulletin.
  11. Piatos, Tiziana Celine. 2022. Unemployed Filipinos down in July 2022. Manila Times.
  12. Saron, Rhoda Grace. 2023. Rep. Duterte sees need to make graduates job-ready. Mindanao Times.
  13. Team Orange. 2022. 40% of Filipinos are overqualified for their jobs: Job mismatches and how you can avoid them. Orange Magazine TV.
  14. Valente, Catherine. 2023. Marcos backs proposal to create body to address jobs, skills mismatch. Manila Times.

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