Date Published:
Dec 27, 2021
Policy Notes
Focus Area(s):
PN 2021-12

Agriculture in the Philippines has receded in recent decades. This Policy Note traces the sector's weak growth to the slow expansion in the factors of production and total factor productivity. The study notes that the population growth in rural areas, declining farm sizes, and low incomes have pushed workers to shift out of agriculture. In addition, capital formation in agriculture is constrained by limited access to financing. Poor rural infrastructure and climate extremes also contribute to low agricultural productivity. To address these key challenges, this Note recommends that the government reorient its public expenditure programs and promote research and development to boost long-term productivity. It also underscores the need to improve the business climate for the agri-food system to raise agricultural investment and productivity.


This publication has been cited 6 times

In the Media
  1. Cervantes, Filane Mikee. 2023. Bill on agri pension fund to benefit 9.7M farmers, fisherfolk. Philippine News Agency.
  2. Cruz, Maricel. 2023. Yamsuan urges support for farmers’ pension. Manila Standard.
  3. de la Cruz, Jovee Marie. 2023. House bill seeks to create Agricultural Pension Fund. BusinessMirror.
  4. Lagare, Jordeene B.. 2021. PIDS: agri growth stunted by shrinking farm size, low productivity.
  5. Quismorio, Ellson. 2023. Bicol solons want lifetime pension for almost 10M poor farmers, fisherfolks. Manila Bulletin.
  6. Reganit, Jose Cielito. 2023. Agri scholarships, incentives for farmers’ dependents pushed. Philippine News Agency.

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