IN FOCUS: Nutrition and Inclusive Growth

The first 1,000 days from conception to two years old is a critical window for shaping the health of young children and the long-term health of society. When poor children at this stage of their lives experience chronic undernutrition, stunting manifests, meaning they grow to a height well below the standards for their age. Experts say the consequences are dire and long term. Nutritional issues such as stunting weaken their learning capabilities and dim their school performance, make them more vulnerable to chronic diseases in the future, and dent their economic productivity.

Despite its extensive number of nutrition and health intervention programs, the Philippines has much to do to substantially curb childhood stunting. According to a study by the Department of Science and Technology’s Food Nutrition Research Institute in 2015, one-third of children under five years of age or around 3.78 million Filipino children are affected by childhood stunting. More alarmingly, a study by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) concluded that the country has had little progress in reducing stunting prevalence in the past two decades. According to PIDS Consultant Alejandro N. Herrin, author of the study, the issue is not the lack of national policies but more on the weak implementation of nutrition programs. He noted that targeting of beneficiaries, coordination with other agencies, management structures, logistics, and sustainability are among the critical issues that need to be addressed. Structural issues, such as problems in local mobilization, limited resources, and difficulties in organizational coordination, also impede the progress of these programs. || Read more >>

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Highlights

PIDS named one of the world`s best think tanks anew

For the fourth consecutive year, the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has been recognized as among the world`s top think tanks.

In the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Report and Policy Advice of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania, PIDS was included in the list of best think tanks in seven categories. More than 6,600 think tanks from 198 countries were assessed in this round.

PIDS remained the top social policy think tank in Southeast Asia and was ranked 37th among the top 100 in the world. Other think tanks from Southeast Asia that made it to this category (social policy) were Singapore`s Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (41st) and Institute for Policy Studies (53rd) and Malaysia`s Center for Public Policy Studies (66th). In 2014, PIDS also ranked 37th among 50 nominated think tanks in this category.

PIDS also maintained its rankings as among the top international development think tanks (70th out of 128) and among the top education policy think tanks (33rd out of 65).

Moreover, the Institute has been included in four new categories: best think tanks in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, best government-affiliated think tanks, and think tanks with the best external relations/public engagement program. The East Asian Development Network (EADN) Secretariat, which PIDS has been running since 2010, also made it to the list of best think tank networks. The EADN is a network of institutes and centers in developing countries of East Asia. It sponsors research and capacity-building activities for early career researchers.

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Featured Publications

NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM: LESSONS FROM INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS

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This Policy Note is the result of an institutional analysis and process evaluation of the National Greening Program (NGP), which was established to address the deforestation and denudation of public lands. The program, which targeted the planting of 1.5 billion trees in 1.5 million hectares, reached a survival rate above its targeted 85 percent rate. The policy goal for the next stage is to create long-term sustainability of the program's successes. The Note proposes some elements of a subsequent program, if needed after the NGP. They include setting up a system of incentives ... || Read more >>


ECONOMIC AND POVERTY IMPACTS OF THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM

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The National Greening Program (NGP) was implemented in 2011 to increase reforestation and address related problems on poverty, food security, environmental stability and biodiversity conservation, and climate change. This Policy Note assesses the potential economic and poverty effects of the NGP using computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The CGE model was specified, calibrated, and used to simulate three scenarios. Results from the quantitative assessment showed that under full NGP implementation, forest cover increases by 1.5 million hectares by 2050, decline in agriculture land productivity is prevented, and human health improves thereby preventing a ... || Read more >>


DUTERTE MUST BE BOLD ON ECONOMIC POLICY

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Dr. Gilberto Llanto, president of PIDS, penned the banner article of this second issue of the Development Research News--his well-meaning advice to President-elect Rodrigo Duterte. A fundamental challenge for the incoming administration, according to Llanto, is to translate its eight-point economic agenda into rational, coherent, and well-studied economic policies. He also underscored the importance of clear policy statements, policy coherence, and careful study and sufficient empirical evidence as basis for any policy decision in order to achieve the administration's economic goals for the country. || Read more >>


RISKS, SHOCKS, BUILDING RESILIENCE: PHILIPPINES

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Building economic resilience takes center stage on this prepress version of the sixth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM). Due to overlapping shocks and risks of varied nature, there is a need to look beyond natural hazards and to acknowledge that the sources of risks are many and interconnected. Evidence points to the critical role of good policies in bolstering coping ability and in building resilient systems. In this line, this EPM presents a framework (Chapter 3) that underscores the significance of appropriate interventions by way of policies, programs, ... || Read more >>


GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS

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Global value chains (GVCs) play an important role in creating a more inclusive global economy. The interconnected networks of production and services are enabling paths for small and medium enterprises to expand and grow. In a world where the costs of communication and transportation have been significantly reduced by advances in technologies, policymakers must understand how they can help local firms and industries capture and benefit from increased GVC participation. GVC success stories in various Philippine industries--tobacco, services, and electronics, among others--have evidently contributed to the country's recent positive growth ... || Read more >>


ASSESSMENT OF THE DSWD SEA-K STRATEGY

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This study assesses the effectiveness of the strategy and the complementary interventions of the Sustainable Livelihood Program`s Self-Employment Assistance Kaunlaran (SLP SEA-K). The SLP SEA-K uses a microcredit strategy to provide credit access to the poor, improve the ability of the group to borrow, and enable it to engage in income-generating activities. Microcredit services are generally believed to have a positive socioeconomic impact; however, the success of projects may depend largely on the management of the program. The authors found out that the government lacks the capacity to handle ... || Read more >>


PHILIPPINE JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT SPECIAL VOLUME ON HEALTH

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The Aquino Health Agenda of 2010 articulates succinctly the Philippine health sector's aim for universal health coverage. The agenda has three thrusts: rapid expansion of enrollment and benefit delivery using subsidies for the poorest families, improved access to quality hospitals and health-care facilities, and attainment of health-related Millennium Development Goals through additional effort and resources targeted to the most critical areas in the country. Years after the launch of the agenda, the Department of Health collaborated with key institutions to implement the Health Systems Research Management (HSRM) Project, with the Philippine ... || Read more >>



Press Releases

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ROAD USERS' TAX FUND UNDERUTILIZED, PIDS STUDY SAYS

A study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) revealed that the funds collected through the motor vehicle users charge (MVUC), popularly known as road users' tax, is underutilized due to the lack of a definitive operating procedure system on how to identify and prioritize projects. The authors of the study--PIDS Consultants Sheilah Napalang and Pia May Agatep, PIDS Senior Research Fellow Adoracion Navarro, and Research Associate Keith Detros--underscored that the processes of identification, approval, and implementation of proposed projects are problematic. "Project identification does not follow ... || Read more >>


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EADN HOLDS ANNUAL RESEARCH CONFERENCE

The East Asian Development Network (EADN) met early this month for the annual research conference to review the progress of the studies being conducted by the network's current research grantees. The network was commended by keynote speaker Rolando Tungpalan, deputy director-general for Investment Programming at the National Economic and Development Authority, for "its continuing efforts to promote research capacity building and policy networking in the region". The critical role played by evidence-based research in governance and public leadership, especially in the process of making public policies, is too often understated. ... || Read more >>


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UPGRADING FACILITIES CAN BOOST QUALITY AND USE OF HEALTH SERVICES -- PIDS

Building more health facilities and investing in medical equipment allow government hospitals and infirmaries to provide quality health services to more people. In a study conducted by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) evaluating the Health Facilities Enhancement Program (HFEP) of the government, it was noted that hospitals and infirmaries that received funding from the government to upgrade their facilities showed higher volume of services than those that did not. The HFEP, which is being implemented by the Department of Health, is a major undertaking under the ... || Read more >>


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TARGETING OF BENEFICIARIES OF EMPLOYMENT FACILITATION PROGRAM UNDER 4PS MUST BE IMPROVED, STUDY SAYS

A recent impact evaluation study by state think Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) said the mechanism for choosing beneficiaries of the Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP), a component of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), must be improved to improve gains from the program. According to PIDS Vice President Marife Ballesteros and Senior Research Fellow Aniceto Orbeta, the employment facilitation program has been well-received by its target participants. It is also regarded by many participants as a critical conduit for their employment. However, they noted that aside from the limitations ... || Read more >>


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HIGH COST, POOR QUALITY OF INTERNET AIL PH ICT MARKET

Information and communication technology (ICT) services in the country remain one of the most expensive in the Asia-Pacific Region. Worse, Internet speed is not proportional to the costs. A recent study by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) concluded that this problem is primarily caused by the lack of comprehensive policies on ICT development, which, in turn, results in unequal distribution of digital dividends or the development effects of ICT. The study, authored by PIDS Senior Fellows Jose Ramon Albert and Ramonette Serafica, and former PIDS Research Analyst Beverly ... || Read more >>


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DEPED, PIDS, IPA PUSH FOR EVIDENCE-BASED REFORMS IN PH EDUCATION SECTOR

Despite the significant gains in primary education participation rates, learning gaps remain high among primary and secondary level students. Increased government spending in education, as well as the implementation of the K to 12 program are important education sector reforms that set the stage for improved access and better education outcomes for the Filipino youth. However, while these reforms are significant, much is still needed to be done in improving learning outcomes for primary and secondary learners in the Philippines. On May 24, 2016, the Department of Education (DepEd), Philippine Institute for Development ... || Read more >>



EVENTS CALENDAR


August 08, 2016 02:00 PM
Seminar on How to Increase Heights in Short Populations such as the Philippines

PIDS Conference Room, 18th Floor, Three Cyberpod Centris, North Tower, EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City




Watch Dr. Gilbert Llanto’s guesting on NET 25’s Aprub Program


DATABASE UPDATES


July 2016
Based on the preliminary data, the countrys gross international reserves (GIR) rose to US$83.97 billion as of end of June.

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June 2016
The countrys gross international reserves (GIR) reached US$83.51 billion as of end of May.

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May 2016
The countrys year-on-year headline inflation rate remained at 1.1 percent in April.

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