A PIDS study that looked at the Philippine Mining Act (PMA) of 1995 and the Indigenous People's Rights Act (IPRA) found several institutional issues affecting the implementation of mining laws in the country and contributing to the destruction of the environment. One of these is the overlapping functions of agencies handling mining concerns. This situation creates an opportunity for enterprising government employees to extract facilitation fees from mining companies and for the latter to avoid the required permits. The study urges the government to review its mining policies and come up with harmonized implementing guidelines for all agencies involved to eliminate personal tendencies to relax rules. Know more about the study titled “Challenges in the Philippine Mining Industry” here: https://www.pids.gov.ph/publications/6835
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