The Electric Power Industry Reform Act (EPIRA) was enacted in 2001 to achieve reliable and competitively priced electricity in the Philippines. Due to its perceived ineffectiveness, however, the law has been subjected to a number of criticisms with some calling for its review, if not an outright repeal. This infographic shows the restructuring of the power industry under the EPIRA. It also outlines some of the challenges with its implementation and puts forward recommendations to address these.

This infographic is based on PIDS Policy Notes 2018-19 titled “The Philippine electric power industry under EPIRA” written by Arlan Z.I. Brucal and Jenica A. Ancheta, PIDS consultant and research assistant, respectively. This publication may be downloaded here:

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