While the Philippines has achieved positive developments in reducing the prevalence of out-of-school children (OOSC), gender gaps in basic education remain. Studies reveal that boys lag behind in school enrollment, performance, and graduation rates.

Goal 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals requires an examination of gender disparities, particularly the determination of equitable access to quality education by both sexes.

This Policy Issue at a Glance shows the extent of gender disparities in various education performance metrics. It also suggests policy recommendations to address the problem of gender gaps among OOSC.

This infographic is based on PIDS Policy Note 2018-20 titled “Boys are still left behind in basic education” and PIDS Discussion Paper 2018-25 titled “Out of School Children: Changing landscape of school attendance and barriers to completion”. Both papers were written by Clarissa David, Jose Ramon G. Albert, and Jana Flor V. Vizmanos, PIDS consultant, senior research fellow, and research specialist, respectively. These publications may be downloaded here: http://bit.ly/pidsPN2018-20 and http://bit.ly/pidsDP2018-25.
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