Date Published:
Oct 18, 2012
Discussion Papers
Focus Area(s):
DP 2012-26

This study proposes a set of indicators for monitoring and evaluation of agricultural policy, patterned after the support estimates of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The main indicators are: producer support (incorporating indirect market support, and direct input support through irrigation, credit, and land transfer); general services support; and public expenditures for agriculture. The study finds that these indicators are viable measures of public support and may be consistently updated over time. Past trends in policy indicators suggest that price policy played the biggest role in agricultural support. Low to negative support to agriculture up to the late 1980s was due largely to indirect taxation of agriculture. From the 1990s onward though the protection structure swung in favor of agriculture resulting in expanding producer support, further enhanced by increasing budgetary outlays for agriculture, mostly toward provision of private goods (such as fertilizer subsidies). These patterns suggest resource misallocation, which may be remedied by rationalizing price policy as well as budgetary allocation from agricultural support services of DA (and land acquisition by DAR), toward provision of public goods such as R&D, extension, regulation, and participatory irrigation investments.


This publication has been cited 5 times

In other Publications
  1. Briones, Roehlano M. 2014. Estimates of domestic resource cost in Philippines agriculture. World Bank Publications - Reports 20070. The World Bank Group.
  2. Briones, Roehlano M. 2016. Domestic resource cost in Philippine agriculture: Measuring global competitiveness of key commodities. Philippine Journal of Development PJD 2014-2015 Vol. 41-42. Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  3. Briones, Roehlano M. 2013. Impact assessment of the agricultural production support services of the department of agriculture on the income of poor farmers/fisherfolk: Review of the evidence. Discussion Papers DP 2013-23. Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  4. Khor, Niny, Iva Sebastian, and Rafaelita Aldaba. 2013. Enterprises in the Philippines: Dynamism and constraints to employment growth. Discussion Papers DP 2013-23. Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  5. Manasan, Rosario. 2013. Analysis of the president's budget for 2013. Working Papers id:5391. eSocialSciences.

Main Menu

Secondary Menu