Date Published:
Dec 28, 2020
Category:
Discussion Papers
Focus Area(s):
Code:
DP 2020-40

Continuing from the Institute’s 2018 study on the SHS and the labor market which interviewed graduating SHS students and HR managers of firms about their perspectives on the prospects for employment, this study intends to gauge the actual performance of the SHS graduates in the labor market. Entry into the labor market is considered as one of the possible exits of SHS graduates. Given the first batch of SHS graduates in April 2018, this study utilizes eight rounds of Labor Force Survey (LFS) from July 2018 to April 2020. Labor market outcomes of SHS graduates (G12) are compared to their peers - G10 and second-year college completers. To improve comparability, the paper uses a multi-valued treatment effect estimation (i.e., Inverse Probability Weighting with Regression Adjustment (IPWRA)) with each of the education outcome as treatment and utilizing individual and household characteristics. The results confirm the results in the earlier study that only a small proportion (a little over 20%) enter the labor force and most of them (more than 70 percent) continue with their education. The estimations also find a mixed result with SHS graduates sometimes performing better and sometimes poorer relative to their peers in terms of labor market outcomes. These suggest that there is a need to re-examine employment and entrepreneurial objective SHS given the expressed and realized propensity of SHS graduates to continue with their education rather than entering the labor market. There is also a need to continue to examine and validate the effectiveness the work preparation component of the SHS curriculum. Furthermore, there is a need to continue working with employers informing and demonstrating to them what SHS graduates can do and eventually clearly defining the right niche for them in the labor market. Finally, this calls for continued close monitoring and generating empirical evidence to help understand the role of SHS graduates in the labor market.

Comments to this paper are welcome within 60 days from date of posting.
Email publications@mail.pids.gov.ph.

Citations

This publication has been cited 26 times

In the Media
  1. Africa, Raymond. 2022. 44% of Pinoys ‘dissatisfied’ with K to 12. Malaya Business Insight.
  2. Business World . 2021. Senior HS grads get help from DepEd, ECOP, Microsoft to attract employers. Business World.
  3. Felipe, Cecille Suerte. 2022. Senator sees growing dissatisfaction with K-12. Philippine Star.
  4. Fernandez, Butch. 2022. Solon gripes over lamentable K-to-12 educational system. BusinessMirror.
  5. Gatchalian, Win. 2022. ‘Di bilib sa K-12 ang mga Pinoy, dagdag-pasanin lang sa mga magulang. Bulgar.
  6. Gatchalian, Win. 2022. Growing dissatisfaction with K to 12 system; review needed. Win Gatchalian.
  7. GMA News . 2022. Gatchalian vows review of K-12 Law due to ‘congested curriculum, inadequate training’. GMA News .
  8. Gonzales, Cathrine. 2022. Gatchalian vows to push for oversight review of K-12 law. Inquirer.
  9. Jobstreet . 2022. Do employers prefer graduates from top schools? Plus, 10 things employers look for in jobseekers!. Jobstreet.
  10. Louis Neal . 2021. Microsoft PH Says 260,000 Join Online Training To Increase Recruitment Rates.
  11. Macasero, J Rosh. 2022. 44% ng mga Pinoy, ‘dismayado’ sa K-12 — survey. Explained PH.
  12. Mercado, Neil Arwin. 2022. 44% of Filipinos not satisfied with K-12 basic education program, survey says. Inquirer.
  13. Microsoft Philippines Communications Team . 2021. Department of Education and Employers Confederation of the Philippines Launch Nationwide Program to Enhance Employability for Filipino High School Graduates.
  14. Miguel R. Camus . 2021. Microsoft PH says 260,000 join online training to raise hiring rates. Inquirer.net.
  15. Monzon, Alden. 2022. Hire more K-12 grads, DTI chief urges companies. Inquirer.
  16. Mylene Mendoza . 2021. Microsoft's New Training Program Teaches SHS Grads Resume Building and LinkedIn Hacks.
  17. Paunan, Jerome Carlo. 2022. Mga Pinoy hindi kuntento sa K to 12. Philippine Information Agency.
  18. Purification, Marlon. 2022. Sen. Win vows to review K to 12 program . Journal News Online.
  19. Ramos-Araneta, Macon. 2022. More dissatisfied with K-to-12. Manila Standard.
  20. Salazar, Marlet. 2021. Microsoft PH, DepEd, employers group hold skilling program for high school graduates. Back End News.
  21. Senate of the Philippines . 2022. Bicam panel approves creation of EDCOM II; Gatchalian assures education reforms. Senate of the Philippines .
  22. Sipelimo, Yna. 2022. K-12 law needs oversight review — Gatchalian. Philippine Star.
  23. Sunstar. 2021. DepEd, Ecop, Microsoft launch skilling program . Sun Star Manila.
  24. Tamayo, Bernadette. 2022. 'Dissatisfaction with K to 12 system growing'. Manila Times.
  25. Tan, Alyssa Nicole. 2022. Survey indicates growing dissatisfaction with K-12 education program. BusinessWorld.
  26. The Manila Times . 2021. DepEd partners with ECOP, Microsoft for reskilling SHS graduates . Manila Times.


Main Menu

Secondary Menu