Date Published:
Jan 11, 2017
Discussion Papers
Focus Area(s):
DP 2016-56

The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program has been much maligned and dismissed as a “dole-out” program. Critics have focused on the fact that it provides cash grants directly to poor families, believing it would promote the culture of mendicancy and dependence. Others believe that the grants would just be wasted on vices (perhaps alcohol, cigarettes, even drugs) instead of human capital formation (education and health of the children). Stereotyping of the poor prevented society from providing meaningful support in the past by refusing to understand their situation. It turns out that both of these have been proven unfounded by rigorous program evaluations, showing no impact on work effort of beneficiaries nor on expenditure on vice goods. In addition, data show that the poor do respond correctly to incentives of highlighting the importance of investing in the human capital of their children even if returns from such investments are farther away than what usually is their immediate concern. Given the evidence, should we not let Pantawid Pamilya provide us a more nuanced view about the poor that is empirically based so that we can be more effective in assisting them?


This publication has been cited 8 times

In other Publications
  1. Försch, Steffen and Evert de Haan. 2018. Targeting online display ads: Choosing their frequency and spacing. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 35, no. 4, 661-672. Elsevier.
  2. Yap, O. Fiona. 2020. A new normal or business-as-usual? Lessons for COVID-19 from financial crises in East and Southeast Asia. The European Journal of Development Research, 32, No. 5, 1504-1534 . Palgrave Macmillan; European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI),.
In the Media
  1. Valencia, Czerisa. 2017. More beneficiaries under 4Ps eyed. Philippine Star.
  2. Angela Celis. 2017. PIDS suggests keeping, expanding 4Ps. Malaya.
  3. Cai Ordinario. 2017. ‘Bigger cash grants to weaken work ethics’. Business Mirror.
  4. Gideon Lasco . 2021. Community pantries and the dependency myth.
  5. Mayvelin U. Caraballo. 2017. Poor kids at risk if 4Ps is abolished–think tank. Business Mirror.
  6. Ordinario, Cai. 2017. ‘Bigger cash grants to weaken work ethics’. BusinessMirror.

Main Menu

Secondary Menu