The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) of the Philippines marks its fifth year of implementation in 2013 since its inception in 2008. The first batch of 4Ps beneficiaries will graduate from the program in several months while the government continues to expand its implementation, devising along the way several variants that it deems necessary to address the many facets of poverty. The 4Ps is by far the largest poverty reduction and social development program the Philippine government has ever implemented. Approximately PHP 120 billion have already been allocated to the program up to 2013. The program's dual objectives are social assistance and social development. It provides cash assistance to poor families to alleviate their immediate needs and aims to "break the intergenerational poverty cycle through investments in human capital". As program graduation nears, many questions arise as to what to expect from this program. At this point, it may be fitting to draw together assessments that have been conducted so far and to look into some important issues in terms of design and implementation. This paper seeks to answer the question of whether expanding the program would likely yield better results. It discusses the outstanding issues raised against the program, most especially those that bear on the program's ability to facilitate inclusive growth.
This publication has been cited 10 times
- Flores, Marc Jon S. et. al. 2019. Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps): Its effect on the academic performance of student-beneficiaries in Calaba National High School in the Philippines. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 9, no. 2, 193-208. Macrothink Institute.
- Kakwani, Nanak and Hyun H. Son. 2015. Social rate of return: A new tool for evaluating social programs. Working Papers 383. ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
- Mina, Christian D. and Katsushi S. Imai. 2015. Estimation of vulnerability to poverty using a multilevel longitudinal model: Evidence from the Philippines. Discussion Paper Series DP2015-16. Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
- Mina, Christian D. and Katsushi S. Imai. 2016. Estimation of vulnerability to poverty using a multilevel longitudinal model: Evidence from the Philippines. Discussion Papers DP 2016-10 (Revised). Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
- Minam Christian D. and Katsushi S. Imai. 2017. Estimation of vulnerability to poverty using a multilevel longitudinal model: Evidence from the Philippines. Journal of Development Studies, 53, no. 12, 2118-2144. Taylor & Francis Journals.
- Quimbo, Stella Luz A. et. al. 2015. Where does the money go? Assessing the expenditure and income effects of the Philippines' Conditional Cash Transfer Program. UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201502. University of the Philippines School of Economics.
- Tutore, Melba V.. 2014. The impact of the Philippines conditional cash transfer program on consumption. Philippine Review of Economics, 51, no. 1, 117-161. University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society.
- Yap, Josef T.. 2014. ASEAN Community 2015: Managing integration for better jobs and shared prosperity in the Philippines. ILO Working Papers 994869993402676. International Labour Organization.