The Philippines has consistently ranked high in international rankings in gender parity. However, realities on the ground show otherwise.
In Outside Looking In: Gendered Perspectives in Work and Education, state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) revealed challenges confronting Filipino men and women in the education and labor sectors.
The book was launched on March 9 at Novotel in Cubao, Quezon City, in support of National Women’s Month celebration and International Women’s Day.
Authored by various PIDS researchers, it is the Institute’s first book on gender and development. It consists of six chapters that tackle pressing issues affecting both genders, including persistent gender gaps in education, employment, and wages among the poor and agricultural workers.
“These [challenges] only show that our hard-won advances, no matter how great, will prove to be futile if the government fails to timely respond to the concerns of those in the margins,” PIDS President Celia Reyes said.
One of the chapters looked at the underperformance of boys in education and how economic conditions and learning environments in school affect them. Another determined the effects of paternal and maternal schooling achievements on their sons’ and daughters’ human capital outcomes.
Meanwhile, one chapter gave an estimated value of men’s and women’s work in the Philippines. It showed that the contribution of both genders to the country’s economy is “closer to parity when housework is accounted for” and that there “is a strong association between parental time and child schooling outcomes”. Relatedly, the book also examined the realities faced by women in terms of housework and looked at their apparent low labor market participation rate.
The book also highlighted the pay gap faced by women once they actually join the labor force. Focusing on the agricultural sector, it revealed the existing pay differential between men and women for similar activities, especially those not requiring physical effort.
PIDS Senior Research Fellow and volume editor, Dr. Connie Bayudan-Dacuycuy, said the book calls for further research on the current challenges confronting Filipino men and women.
“This book forges inputs that are important in shaping narratives and mindsets. In the process, it helps deepen and widen the public’s appreciation of the importance of gender issues,” she added. ###
An e-copy of the book may be downloaded here:

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