Date Published:
Oct 16, 2018
Discussion Papers
Focus Area(s):
DP 2018-15

The gender gap is a key policy issue across the economic sectors, including agriculture. While the Philippines has—in general—made considerable progress in addressing the gender gap, gender gap in average wages remains a key concern in the case of agriculture. Such wage gap can be attributed to differences in activity composition by sex of worker and differences in daily pay for the same activity. This study performs, for the first time, a decomposition of the average wage gap into these two sources, using official data, supplemented by data from an ongoing survey of agricultural workers. The study finds that activity composition is only a minor contributor to the gender wage gap; most of the gap rather arises from differences in pay for the same activity. Further research is recommended to confirm this finding. The study discusses some policy implications, related to promoting gender equality in daily pay in agriculture.


This publication has been cited 5 times

In the Media
  1. Business & Human Rights Resource Center. 2020. Philippines: Govt. reports no change to gender pay gap in the agriculture sector in 3 years. Business & Human Rights Resource Centre.
  2. Cigaral, Ian Nicolas. 2019. Gender pay gap in Philippine farm sector persisted in 2018 — PSA. Philippine Star.
  3. Louise Maureen Simeon . 2020. Gender pay inequality rampant in agriculture sector. Philippine Star.
  4. Ordinario, Cai. 2022. ‘Revise credit scores to help women entreps’. BusinessMirror.
  5. TVDS . 2020. Equality in agriculture. The Visayan Daily Star.

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