Date Published:
Jun 29, 2017
Policy Notes
Focus Area(s):
PN 2017-13

Housework shapes the invaluable role that women play in the society. However, given that the time allocated to housework affects the time spent on market work, this raises several critical issues based on economic and sociological perspectives. This Policy Note analyzes the role of wage and attitudes toward gender roles within the family in determining the time allocated to housework. Using the 2002 International Social Survey Program and instrumental variable technique, the study finds that the female respondents' wage positively affects husbands' time devoted to housework, which reflects the shifting dynamics of gender roles among households and in the labor market. It recommends government to address issues that severely increase the time outside of home and reduce family members' interaction, such as poor road conditions. To support parents who work, it also calls for the government to explore the provision of day-care and tutorial services at affordable costs to ensure that children are getting good supplementary care.


This publication has been cited 6 times

In the Media
  1. BusinessWorld. 2017. Labor participation of women lags due to housework expectations. BusinessWorld.
  2. GMA News. 2017. #JuanWash debunks gender role myths in the Filipino household. GMA News.
  3. Malaya Business Insight. 2017. Higher labor participation by women sought. Malaya Business Insight.
  4. Ordinario, Cai. 2017. PIDS: Housework binds women to domestic bondage. BusinessMirror.
  5. Ordinario, Cai. 2018. Still an uphill climb for gender equality. BusinessMirror.
  6. Wolinsky, Jacob. 2018. Analyzing the gender diversity in the top-level management of Philippines’ e-commerce market. ValueWalk.

Main Menu

Secondary Menu